Here’s Proof You Don’t Need to Go to College to Land a Good Job

Michelle Laydon earns $80,000 per year as a senior network engineer in Santa Paula, Calif. She’s been working in the IT field for close to 20 years without a college degree, instead working her way up in the field through a mix of on-the-job training and a number of professional certificates, which she has actively renewed throughout her career.

“I’ll be quite honest, we have folks who come in to interview who may have a college degree and claim to know this stuff, but who’ve honestly never had their hands on it,” says Laydon, 50. “When they sit down in my department, it’s very intimidating because if you don’t know it, you don’t know it. With IT, there’s just so much to be gained by that hands-on experience.”

Workers without a B.A. currently make up about 64% of today’s workforce, spanning across a number of industries that go beyond traditional blue-collar jobs. And, despite popular belief, there are plenty of good jobs to be had that don’t require a bachelor’s degree — about 30 million, to be precise. The news comes from fresh research released Wednesday by Georgetown University and J.P.Morgan Chase & Co., which sought to find out how many workers are in good jobs (defined as those that pay at least $35,000) that don’t require a B.A.

The “New Collar” Job Market

The “Good Jobs That Pay Without a B.A.” report found that while manufacturing jobs on the whole are declining, they’re being more than made up for by good jobs in other skilled-service industries like health services, information technology, and financial services; the report’s lead author Anthony P. Carnevale, director of the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, refers to these as “new collar” jobs.

“The dominant narrative was that the American economy was hollowing out, that we were losing all the jobs in the middle, that in the end we’re going to end up with an economy that only hired brain surgeons and pool cleaners,” Carnevale told MagnifyMoney.

It turns out there is some truth to that — the abundance of blue-collar manufacturing jobs is indeed decreasing — but we’re simultaneously seeing a spike in these “new collar” jobs that pay well without requiring a B.A. The takeaway?

“The hollowing-out story, in a way, is being oversold,” says Carnevale.

To be certain, college experience does matter in the job market these days.

For the most part, Carnevale says that having some college experience will likely give you a leg up in the job market — professional certificates, some college, associate’s degrees, two-year degrees, etc.

“That’s where the most striking growth has been,” he says. “In a sense, for a lot of these jobs that used to require only high school, there’s been an upward shift in the education requirements for these jobs now.”

How to Get a “Good Job” These Days

Despite suffering major job losses, blue-collar industries continue to represent the greatest source (55%) of good jobs for folks without a B.A., according to the report. And while there has been a slight increase in good jobs that pay without a four-year degree, their overall share of good jobs has actually dropped from 60% down to 45%. According to Carnevale’s findings, this is because B.A.-holders are still scooping up more and more of these gigs.

This may be the case, but as “new collar” jobs grow and evolve, workers without a B.A. can still earn a solid living. In some cases, they can even out-earn their higher-educated colleagues.

“You can get a one-year certificate in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, and you’ll make more than 30% of the people who get A.A.s, and a fair percentage of the people who get B.A.s, actually,” says Carnevale. “In the old days, it was: go to college, get a B.A., earn more money. It’s more complicated now. It’s more about the field of study.”

He adds that the idea that more education translates to more money is still generally true — but there’s a whole lot of variation.

“If you get a certificate in engineering or computers, for instance, you’ll make more than somebody who gets an A.A. in an academic subject,” he says.

There’s a wide range of good jobs that don’t require a bachelor’s degree, from nurses to police officers; electricians to plumbers; bookkeepers to customer service representatives. The report points to a computer support technician earning $60,000 as a perfect example of this new worker demographic.

College Debt vs. Career Prospects

Matt Eyre, an assistant manager at a Tampa, Fla., restaurant, still carries student loan debt from the associate’s degree in music engineering and production he earned a decade ago. But he has no plans to return to school to complete his four-year degree.

“I switched career tracks and have been in restaurant management for about six years now, earning more than I think I’d get in music production,” says Eyre, 35. “I honestly don’t think having a degree would unlock any new opportunities for me; if anything, it would drive me further into debt.”

Eyre made the career jump in New York City, where his entry salary landed at $50,000. After three years of positive reviews from employers and consistent raises, he was earning $60,000 by the time he moved to Tampa in 2014. Despite taking a pay cut (he now earns $48,000 per year), he is still earning more than the $41,250 average salary of assistant managers in the U.S., according to Glassdoor’s estimate.

“In my field, performance speaks louder than degrees,” says Eyre. “I’ve worked with managers who had bachelor’s degrees in hospitality management, and I actually made more than they did because of my experience.”

Location Matters

When it comes to his career, Eyre has fortunately lived in states ripe with “new collar” job opportunities; according to Carnevale’s team, both Florida and New York are among the top four states that offer the largest number of good jobs that don’t require a B.A. degree. Texas and California take the top spot on the list, which is good news for Laydon, who works in the Golden State.

According to career resource Glassdoor, the average salary for a senior network engineer like Laydon in the U.S. is just over $104,000. Could Laydon hit that number if she had a B.A.? Maybe, but at this point in her career, like Eyre, she has no interest in taking out loans to pursue a higher degree.

The larger your state’s population, the better odds you might have of landing a good job without a B.A. According to the report, California, Texas, Florida, and New York, which happen to be the more populous states, offer up most of these jobs. Illinois and Pennsylvania are right behind.

The post Here’s Proof You Don’t Need to Go to College to Land a Good Job appeared first on MagnifyMoney.

Altra Federal Credit Union Student Visa Review: Great Savings for Future Auto Loans

The Altra Federal Credit Union Student Visa card is made for college students and helps you build credit while also taking advantage of rewards. You’ll earn 1 point per dollar spent, and double points during the 60 days after opening your card. The rewards points can be redeemed for cash back, travel, merchandise, and more. This card is especially beneficial if you plan on taking out an auto loan in the next few years, as you may be eligible to redeem rewards points for a .25% or .50% interest reduction on an Altra auto loan. The various features Altra provides make this card a good option for students starting their credit journey.

Altra Federal Credit Union Student Visa

APPLY NOW Secured

on Altra’s secure website

Altra Federal Credit Union Student Visa

Annual fee for first year
$0
Rewards
1 point per dollar spent
APR
14.65%
Credit required
zero-credit
New to Credit
  • Earn double Reward Points on every dollar of purchases in the first 60 days after opening your new account. After, earn 1 point per dollar spent.
  • Points can be redeemed for cash back, travel rewards and merchandise.
  • Redeem 5,000 CU reward points for a .25% point reduction or 10,000 points for a .5% point reduction off an Altra vehicle loan.
  • Each quarter one random cardholder will have their previous month’s purchases paid (up to $500, $50 minimum).
  • Receive a one-year congratulatory letter rewarding you with $20 for maintaining your account in an “exceptional way.”

How the Card Works

Altra offers a credit card designed with students in mind to help you build credit. There is no annual fee for this card, though you may have to pay a $5 membership fee; but more on that later. In addition to a low 14.65% APR, Visa Checkout, and fraud alerts, Altra offers a rewards program. You will earn 1 point per dollar spent on all purchases and will earn double points during the 60 days after opening your new account. This allows you to get a rewards boost while you’re in the honeymoon phase of being a cardholder. However, this may not be the largest rewards program compared to other cards, but it is better than no rewards.

The reward points that Altra offers do not have a standard value like most rewards programs. Instead, points can be redeemed for merchandise or cash back at CURewards.com. Note that there is only one cash back option of $50, and you need 8,334 points to redeem. So you would need to spend $8,334 to receive $50 cash back.

Although you earn unlimited rewards points, they expire after five years — but on the last day of the year. For example, if you earned points on June 1, 2017, they would expire in five years but on the last day of the fifth year — December 31, 2022. As a result, think twice about saving all your points for a large reward because you may lose them.

In addition to a rewards program, Altra will give you a $20 cash back reward at the end of your first year as a cardholder. All you need to do to qualify is to maintain your account in an “exceptional” manner by having no late payments, no over-the-limit usage, and 6 out of 12 months’ activity. This should be an easy $20 since your goal is to pay every statement in full each month.

If that isn’t enough, Altra will choose one cardholder at random each quarter and pay their previous month’s purchases, with a minimum of $50 and maximum of $500 paid. To qualify for this “lottery” you need to be in good standing, which means you pay your bill on time and in full every month, and wait for your lucky day!

If you plan on taking out an auto loan in the next few years, Altra has a unique offer that can save you significant money. You are able to redeem 5,000 points for a .25% interest reduction or 10,000 points for a .50% interest reduction on your Altra auto loan.

Keep in mind that your primary goal with a student card is to create a positive credit history with the hopes of having a credit score in the 700s upon graduation. Don’t let the prospect of rewards hinder your credit and lead to overspending. Some best practices to promote a positive credit score include paying each statement in full and on time and using no more than 20% of your credit limit — meaning don’t max out your card.

How to Qualify

Altra designed this card with students in mind, which means they don’t expect you to have a great credit history, or any at all. Though they do expect you to have a stable source of income, so a job is needed to apply for this card. This will prove that you can afford to make your monthly payments on time and are responsible.

Another requirement Altra has that is unique to credit unions is that you need to be a member to become a cardholder. No worries, though, since the application process is simple. You can either qualify for membership via various eligibility options or by joining the credit union for $5. In addition, while you’re actively using the card you will need to keep $5 in a savings account.

What We Like About the Card

Low APR.

Altra offers a relatively low 14.65% APR, compared to other cards that offer APRs as high as 24.74%. The low APR is beneficial if you don’t pay your balance in full one month and as a result are charged interest. It helps that Altra has an APR 10% lower than competing cards; however, you should always pay your bill in full every month to avoid interest charges and damage to your credit score.

Earn rewards points.

Altra provides you the opportunity to build your credit while also earning rewards. With this card you can earn 1 reward point per dollar spent. Even better is that during the first 60 days after opening your account you will earn double rewards points. Don’t let this get to your head and spend more than you can to maximize your double points. Remember that your primary goal is to build good credit, and earning rewards is only an added bonus. It’s important to note that Altra rewards points do not have a standard value like typical rewards programs from other credit cards. Point value varies based on each redeemable item.

$20 cash back for good behavior.

If at the end of your first year as a cardholder you have no late payments, no over-the-limit usage, and used your card for 6 out of 12 months, you will receive a $20 cash back reward. This is an added perk for responsible cardholders that makes Altra’s card more appealing.

Random winner each quarter.

An added level of excitement is Altra’s bill pay “lottery.” Each quarter Altra will choose one random cardholder and pay their previous month’s purchases, anywhere between $50 and $500. Make sure you’re in good standing to qualify.

Redeem points for a lower interest rate on an Altra vehicle loan.

If a car is in your near future, Altra provides a great option that can save you money. You will receive a .25% or .50% point reduction on your loan by redeeming 5,000 and 10,000 points, respectively. This may save you a significant amount of cash in the long run.

What We Don’t Like About the Card

Foreign transaction fee.

Be careful if you travel abroad since this card charges a 1% foreign transaction fee. This isn’t as high as some cards that charge 3%; however, you can find other student cards that don’t charge a fee when you’re traveling out of the country, such as the Discover it for Students card or the Capital One Journey Student Rewards card.

Need to join the Altra Federal Credit Union.

Unlike credit cards from banks, you have to be a member of the Altra FCU. There are two ways to become a member, and the first option — meet their eligibility requirements — is free. Otherwise you will need to pay a one-time $5 membership fee. All members will also need to have a $5 balance in an Altra savings account that must remain in the account while you have the card open.

Who the Card Is Best For

If you’re a student who doesn’t mind joining a credit union and wants to earn rewards while building your credit score, this card may be right for you. We recommend this card for students who plan on taking out an auto loan since you can benefit greatly from the .25% or .50% interest reduction Altra offers. With numerous cardholder benefits, the Altra FCU Student Visa card is a good choice for students starting their credit journey.

Alternatives

If You Frequently Spend on Gas, Groceries, and Restaurants

The Golden 1 Credit Union Platinum Rewards for Students card is a great card if you want to receive a cash rebate for your purchases. With Golden 1 you will earn a cash rebate instead of rewards points that will be deposited into your account at the end of every month. The cash rebate program also boasts a high 3% rebate for gas, grocery, and restaurant purchases, with 1% for all other purchases. If you frequently spend money in these areas, you’ll be able to maximize your cash rebate. You can become a member of Golden 1 by joining the Financial Fitness Association for $8 per year and keeping at least $5 in a savings account.

If a Credit Union Isn’t for You

Not everyone wants to join a credit union, and there are numerous student credit cards offered by banks. The Discover it for Students card is a great card to help you build credit while earning cash back. With Discover you will earn 5% cash back on quarterly rotating categories and 1% elsewhere — but it doesn’t end there. They also reward students with good grades, match your cash back at the end of the first year, and provide access to your FICO score for free. Overall, Discover is a great card for students who don’t mind tracking rotating categories to maximize cash back.

FAQ

It’s a smart choice to start building your credit while you’re in college so by the time you graduate you have a healthy credit score in the high 600s to mid 700s. As a result, you’ll be in good standing with financial institutions and will benefit from being able to make larger purchases like a new car. Also, if you want to get an additional credit card that offers cash back or rewards, you will be more likely to get approved with a good credit score. Check out our student credit card guide.

To join the Altra Federal Credit Union you may already meet several eligibility options that come at no cost. If not, there is a one-time $5 membership fee. You will also need to have a $5 balance in an Altra savings account that must remain while you have the card open.

You should work hard to make sure you make payments on time every month. A missed payment will lead to a late fee and interest accruing on the balance. This will ultimately leave a negative mark on your credit report and lower your credit score. Try not to spend more than you are able to and stick to a budget with these helpful budgeting apps.

If a credit card isn’t the right product for you, don’t fret, there are other options available. You can build credit by using a secured card or by becoming an authorized user on your parents’ account. A secured card is where you deposit an amount of money that acts as collateral, and the amount you deposit becomes your credit limit. This is a great way to build credit with less risk than a typical credit card. Compare the best secured cards for your needs. Your second option, becoming an authorized user, allows you to piggyback off of someone else’s good credit. You will receive their good credit behavior on your credit report.

The post Altra Federal Credit Union Student Visa Review: Great Savings for Future Auto Loans appeared first on MagnifyMoney.

50 Free Classes That Can Pay Off

Gaining skills doesn't have to cost money. Check out these 50 classes you can take free.

Skills pay the bills, at least according to a lot of early ’90s hip hop.

But that doesn’t mean you have to spend money to acquire those skills. Yes, college is getting more expensive, but there are plenty of free classes online that can beef up your resume or let you start a side hustle without racking up student loan debt.

Here are 50 free classes that can pay off.

1. GED Classes

Passing the GED high school equivalence test opens doors to college and many jobs. Test preparation classes are available online and at many local libraries. And, if you’re thinking of getting a higher education, you can find some ways to pay for college without building a mountain of debt here.

2. Introduction to Computer Science

This course from MIT teaches students the Python programming language, a few simple algorithms and how to test and debug code. It’s available through EdX free, though you can receive a certificate of completion for a fee. This could be a good start to getting a computer science degree, one of a few college degrees that really pays off.

3. HTML5 & CSS Fundamentals

Learn the basics of web design and style from a course designed by Intel and W3C and get an introduction to the HTML5 and CSS languages. Available on EdX.org.

4. Introduction to C++

C++ is another foundational programming language. Microsoft offers this course, which provides an entry into C++ basics, including how to create functions. Available on EdX.

5. Introduction to Java Programming

Continuing on the computer programming path, Java is another language used just about everywhere. This course, from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, not only teaches the basics of Java but also aims to improve students’ problem solving skills. Available on EdX.

6. Academic & Business Writing

Make your writing more persuasive with this six-week class offered through the University of California at Berkeley, which also teaches proofreading and vocabulary. Those skills can come in handy when writing everything from a job cover letter to a credit dispute letter. Available on EdX.

7. Writing for Strategic Communication

Even if you’re not a professional writer, this course could help you improve all your writing endeavors, even your tweets. From La Trobe University in Australia on iTunes.

8. Data Science Orientation

This is the first course in a full curriculum on data science from Microsoft. Big data is big business, and the skills to decipher it are in demand. This course will give you basics on exploring data using Microsoft Excel and give you an idea on whether data science is something you’ll want to pursue as a career. Available on EdX.

9. Understanding Data

If Microsoft’s orientation piqued your interest, Marginal Revolution University will teach you the basics of statistical analysis and econometrics with a series videos and interactive lessons.

10. Against All Odds: Inside Statistics

This course shows how statistics are used in the real world and teaches the basic tools and methodology used in statistics. Course materials and video lectures available at learner.org.

11. Introduction to Marketing

Marketing is key for many businesses and organizations. This course teaches students how to reach potential customers and to understand how they decide what to buy. It’s taught by professors from the University of British Columbia and available on EdX.

12. Branding, Content & Social Media

This course from Ohio State University will help you develop a communications strategy for getting the word out about whatever cool thing you’re doing. (Just be sure not to overshare — you’ll put your identity at risk.) Available on iTunes.

13. Essentials of Advertising & Marketing

In this course, students will learn how to create and present an advertising campaign. From Arizona State University, available on iTunes.

14. The Architectural Imagination

Interested in architecture? Harvard University offers this course on its basic principles, including an introduction into making your own architectural drawings and models. A good way to see if architecture is the career for you, on EdX or the Harvard University website.

15. Contract Law

Everyone has to deal with contracts at some point in their lives. Every time you download an app, start a new job or buy a home you have to sign some sort of legal agreement. Harvard professor Charles Fried teaches a course covering contract law and how to read contracts to understand their possible consequences. Available on EdX or the Harvard University website.

16. Exposing Digital Photography

If you got a fancy camera for Christmas but still don’t know how to use it, this class from Harvard Extension School instructor should clear things up. Students can learn how to use their camera and work with light to make great shots. The course materials are all available at digitalphotography.exposed.

17. Lighting Essentials

The glamour is in being behind or in front of the camera, but photography and videos both require good lighting. This course, available on iTunes, YouTube and as an iBook, teach the basics of lighting. From the University of New South Wales in Australia.

18. Game Theory

Game theory is the study of decisions. Improve your decision-making with this course from Yale University professor Ben Polak. Lectures are available on YouTube and iTunes.

19. Money Skills

We like to think Credit.com gives you an excellent education on money skills, especially when it comes to building good credit, but if you want more, economists Tyler Cowen and Alex Tabarrok will take you through investing, real estate, career choices and saving in this course from Marginal Revolution University.

20. Financial Planning & Money Management

Even more on personal financial planning, including taxes, banking and debt management, from Southwestern College, available on iTunes. (By the way, keeping up a good credit score is a big part of debt management. You can view two of your scores for free on Credit.com.)

21. Personal Finance

This Missouri State University video series takes a different tack, showing you how to set and reach financial goals. Available on iTunes and YouTube.

22. Investment Philosophies

Think you can beat the market? New York University teaches you how to create a sound investment strategy. Available on iTunes.

23. Poker Theory & Analytics

We would never condone gambling, but if you must, at least learn how from an MIT graduate student. This series of lectures also includes guest speaking turns from professional poker players.

24. Child Nutrition & Cooking

Students of this course learn what makes up a healthy diet and how to make nutritious home-cooked meals. Participants will need to sign up for a Coursera account. You can take the course free or pay $39 to receive a certificate upon completion.

25. Adolescent Health & Development

Wondering what the heck is going on with your teen? This course from Johns Hopkins covers puberty, emotional development and more serious ailments that affect young people. Available on iTunes.

26. Introduction to Human Nutrition

This audio course from the University of California at Berkeley covers what your body actually needs. It’s probably not more cake. Available at the Internet Archive.

27. Broadcast Journalism

If Anchorman is your inspiration, learn the ropes with this course from La Trobe University in Australia, which teaches everything from pitching stories to interviewing to reporting spot news. Free on iTunes.

28. Magazine Writing

If you have a true story to tell, this course from Ohio State University will help you turn it into a full-fledged article and get it published. Available on iTunes.

29. The Interview

No, this isn’t that James Franco movie. This course from La Trobe University in Australia will teach you how to interview people in a journalism context, but the skills of asking good questions and putting people at ease can apply anywhere. Available on iTunes.

30. Speak Italian With Your Mouth Full

MIT professor Paola Rebusco, who normally teaches physics, pulls double duty here, teaching the language of Italy via the delicious cuisine of Italy. Course materials available on MIT Open Courseware.

31. Elementary Arabic

You don’t have to pay to learn a foreign language. This Arabic course from Lund University is available as an iTunes podcast.

32. Beginning Chinese

Seton Hall University offers a series of courses on Chinese, from this beginner class to more advanced courses, all on iTunes.

33. Dialogue for German Learners

This course covers everything from German telephone (or in German, “Telefon”) skills to office (“Büro”) conversations. On iTunes from the University of South Wales.

34. Elementary French

Carnegie Mellon offers this course through its Open Learning Initiative. Students should be able to commit at least six hours a week.

35. Spanish Fundamentals

From estar through gustar, this course provides an introduction to Spanish, particularly Spanish grammar. Available on iTunes.

36. Pixar in a Box

Who better to teach the basics of animation than Pixar? This course, offered through Khan Academy, teaches students how to animate things like bouncing balls, robots and fireworks.

37. Becoming the Next Bill Nye

Ever wanted to host your own educational show? MIT offers a class that will teach you the video production techniques to do it. Science rules! Available through MIT Open Courseware.

38. Video Production

This course covers everything from setting up and operation video equipment to writing and shooting. Taught by Iona College and available on iTunes.

39. Introduction to Game Design

Learn how to make your own digital or board game. Units on game design concepts will help make sure it’s actually fun to play. This MIT course isn’t running, but all the materials are still available on EdX.

40. Crisis Management

For any aspiring public relations pros, this course from Missouri State University will show you the ropes on developing a crisis communications plan, just in case the politician you represent says something truly dumb. Available on iTunes.

41. Fundamentals in Public Speaking

It’s many people’s greatest fear. If you share this fear, this course from Missouri State University may help you conquer it, whether you’re giving a wedding toast or a graduation speech. Available on iTunes.

42. A Romp Through Ethics for Complete Beginners

What’s the right thing to do? What makes someone a good person? If you find yourself asking the bigger questions, let Oxford University professor Marianne Talbot be your guide. Available on iTunes and YouTube.

43. Argument Diagramming

People say a lot of crazy stuff. Argument diagramming can help you point out why they are wrong. Available through the Carnegie Mellon Open Course Initiative.

44. Critical Reasoning for Beginners

Another course from Professor Talbot, this course teaches students how to evaluate arguments and make your own reasoning clear. Could be handy negotiating for a higher salary. Available on iTunes.

45. Statistics for Social Scientists

This Duke University course teaches students how social scientists evaluate data. This should make you better able to understand academic research, polls and any other claims based on statistics. Available on iTunes.

46. Building a Business

This series of lectures on YouTube by the University of Oxford tells you how to start your own business.

47. Entrepreneurship & Business

Serial entrepreneur and Carnegie Mellon professor Mark Juliano covers topics like how to write a business plan and how to get funding. Available on iTunes.

48. New Enterprises

This course from MIT is also about starting a business, but focuses more on technology startups, if you’ve got the next Facebook on your hands. Materials available at MIT Open Courseware.

49. Principles of Management

Learn which leadership approaches work best for organizations. This course is from Iona College and is available on iTunes.

50. Real Estate Finance

Want to become a real estate investor? Learn the basics from Professor Joshua Kahr. This course is available on iTunes.

Looking to take some classes to beef up your resume post-graduation? We’ve got a full 50 things recent grads can do to score their first job

Image: SbytovaMN

The post 50 Free Classes That Can Pay Off appeared first on Credit.com.

6 Vital Things Parents Need to Know About Student Loans

Before helping your child take out loans — or taking out loans in your own name — make sure you understand the benefits and drawbacks.

About 3.5 million high school students are expected to graduate from high school this spring, and most will go to college. While this a proud moment for students and parents, many families are stressed about how to pay for school in the fall.

Before helping your child take out loans — or taking out loans in your own name — make sure you understand the benefits and drawbacks. Here are six things every parent should know about student loans.

1. There’s Still Time to Complete the FAFSA

For your children to get federal student aid such as loans, grants and work-study programs, they must complete the Free Application For Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) every year.

If your child hasn’t completed their FAFSA yet, there’s still time — but not much. Though the federal deadline is June 30, 2018, states and individual schools often have much earlier due dates.

Moreover, schools have limited funds when it comes to some loans and grants, so the earlier your child applies, the better. To make sure you get the necessary funds, submit the FAFSA as soon as possible. You can complete the application online in less than 30 minutes.

2. Take Advantage of Federal Loans First

You’ll find out what types of federal aid your child is eligible for after completing the FAFSA. If your children need to take out loans to pay for school, encourage them to start with federal student loans rather than private ones.

Federal loans typically have lower interest rates, more generous repayment terms and do not require a lengthy credit history or a co-signer. Plus, they come with benefits such as access to income-driven repayment plans and deferment or forbearance options if your child struggles to make payments after graduation.

Private student loans can have higher interest rates and typically require a co-signer. They also have fewer repayment options, which can make keeping up with payments more difficult on an entry-level salary. Private loans should be a last resort used to fill the gap if federal loans don’t cover the total cost of college attendance.

3. Learn How Parent PLUS Loans Work

If you want to help your child pay for school but don’t have enough money saved to pay outright, you may be eligible for a parent Direct PLUS Loan. This is a federal loan designed specifically for parents of dependent students.

To be eligible, you must be the biological or adoptive parent and your child must be enrolled at least half-time at a qualifying school. Both you and your child need to be U.S. citizens or eligible noncitizens. Unlike other forms of federal loans, parent PLUS Loans require a credit check.

To get a parent PLUS Loan, your child should complete the FAFSA. You will sign a PLUS Loan master promissory note. You can borrow as much as the cost of your child’s education, minus any other financial assistance you receive. The current interest rate for Parent PLUS Loans is 6.31%.

4. Think Twice Before Co-Signing

If your child needs a private loan to pay for school, the lender may require a co-signer before approving them. Before you agree to cosign, make sure you understand what it entails.

Becoming a co-signer means you’re the guarantor of the loan. If your child falls behind on the payments, you’re responsible for making them. If your child misses a payment and doesn’t tell you, your credit will be damaged. That consequence can make it more difficult for you to get approved for other forms of credit, such as a mortgage or car loan. (You can see how student and other loans impact your credit with a free credit snapshot on Credit.com.)

Co-signing is a huge responsibility, so make sure you’re comfortable with the potential fallout before putting your signature on a loan application.

5. Know Discharge Rules

While no one wants to think about themselves or their child dying or suffering a serious accident, it’s important to understand a loan’s rules about these events before taking on student debt.

If your child has federal loans and later dies, the government will discharge the debt. If you have a parent PLUS Loan and either you or your child passes away, the loans are also eliminated. If your child becomes permanently disabled and can no longer work, they can get their loans forgiven through Total and Permanent Disability Discharge.

Private loans are different. Some lenders discharge loans in the case of death or disability, but not every lender offers this. There have been horror stories about parents who have lost a child, yet are still responsible for the student loans. Make sure you understand the lender’s rules before taking out or co-signing a private loan.

6. Prioritize Yourself

Though supporting your children through school is a wonderful gift to offer, take a hard look at your finances first. If you have other forms of debt or your retirement savings are too small, prioritize your own finances.

Your children can get grants, scholarships and work part-time in school to pay for college. If they struggle to repay their federal student loans, there are a wealth of plans and programs to help them get back on track.

The same is not true when it comes to credit card debt, personal loans or retirement. If you fall behind on payments or don’t save enough before you stop working, there are few places you can turn for help. Ensure you are in a secure financial position before taking on more debt for your child.

Know Your Funding Options

Before signing loan paperwork, make sure you know exactly what you’re getting into. Student loans can be complicated, and if you’re not careful, you could be on the hook for thousands in debt. Work with your children to ensure you understand all your options and obligations as you prepare to send them off to college.

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The post 6 Vital Things Parents Need to Know About Student Loans appeared first on Credit.com.

Student Loan Companies are Failing College Graduates in a Crucial Way

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The vast majority of student loan borrowers who default and rehabilitate their loans are set up to fail again because of bad advice, a new government study claims.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau says a stunning 9 out of 10 of these high-risk borrowers were not enrolled in affordable repayment plans, such as income-driven repayment — meaning their monthly payments were much higher than they had to be. Predictably, those borrowers were five times more likely to re-default on their loans, racking up $125 million in unnecessary interest charges along the way.

Conversely, students who were enrolled in income-driven repayment plans, which reduce payments based on the borrower’s income, were much less likely to have trouble making on-time payments. Fewer than one in 10 re-defaulted when enrolled in income-derived repayment, the CFPB said.

Loan servicers are responsible for informing borrowers about their options, but the CFPB has alleged previously that they do a poor job of it.

A Government Accountability Office report in 2015 found that while 51% of borrowers were eligible for a repayment program that could lower their payments, only about 15% were enrolled in it. The CFPB complaint database is littered with allegations that servicers make enrollment unnecessarily hard. And earlier this year, the CFPB and the state of Illinois both sued Navient — the nation’s largest servicer — and alleged the firm systematically failed to inform borrowers of their options. (Navient denied the allegation.)

Tuesday’s report focuses on a more narrow group — those who had stopped paying their student loans but had recently restarted payments and “rehabilitated” them. The group, which consists of about 600,000 borrowers, is considered the riskiest of the 43 million Americans who owe student loans.

Their plight shows the system is broken, said CFPB Student Loan Ombudsman Seth Frotman.

“For far too many student loan borrowers, the dream of a fresh start turns into a nightmare of default and deeper debt,” Frotman said. “When student loan companies know that nearly half of their highest-risk customers will quickly fail, it’s time to fix the broken system that makes this possible.”

The Student Loan Servicing Association, a trade group that represents servicers, didn’t immediately respond to requests for comment.

Roughly one in three student loan borrowers are late to some degree on their monthly payments. The Department of Education estimates that more than 8 million federal student loan borrowers have gone at least 12 months without making a required monthly payment and have fallen into default.

At-risk borrowers should know there are multiple programs designed to help them avoid default — income-contingent repayment, income-based repayment, and “pay as you earn” are all designed to keep payments at between 10% and 20% of income. Some offer payments as low as $5 per month, depending on income.

Details are available at the Department of Education website. Consumers should not take advice from websites claiming to offer student loan help — many are scams — but should instead contact their loan servicers directly.

The post Student Loan Companies are Failing College Graduates in a Crucial Way appeared first on MagnifyMoney.

13 College Costs You Don’t Think About

When families think of financing a college education, they usually think about covering tuition costs. It’s easy to home in on tuition — after all, it’s an obvious, in-your-face expense. But tuition and fees don’t make up the largest portion of the average cost of college attendance.

In the College Board’s most recent Trends in College Pricing, researchers found non-tuition-related expenses at public four-year schools account for 61% of a total $24,610 average cost of attendance.

Here are a few hidden college costs for families to consider before the school year starts.

 

Housing

Room and board make up about 42% of the total cost of attendance at four-year public institutions, according to the College Board. After tuition, housing is the second-largest expense students will encounter.

For students who choose (or for whom it is required) to live in on-campus housing, room and board might be a non-negotiable expense. The cost to live in a dorm can vary from as low as $5,326 for the school year to more than $18,000 according to U.S. News Short List rankings. Generally speaking, it’s cheaper to live on campus in areas with higher rent, while off-campus housing is cheaper in areas with lower rental costs.

Other on-campus living requirements such as enrollment in the school’s meal plan, a security deposit, and dorm fees can also add up.

Don’t assume the university’s housing cost estimate is correct, as schools use different factors to calculate costs. A 2015 Trulia analysis found “schools often underestimate the cost of off-campus housing, sometimes by thousands of dollars for the school term.” For example, the University of California, Berkeley, estimates a student would spend $7,184 to live off campus, while Trulia’s data showed it would cost $12,375 for two students to share a two-bedroom apartment for nine months.

Tips to save on off-campus housing:

Compare costs to on-campus housing. Depending on where you attend school, a 9- or 12-month off-campus lease plus utilities and internet might actually be more expensive than room and board in a university dorm.

Look for roommates to help ease the burden of utilities and other bills.

Use search engines like Uloop and College Student Apartments to filter through housing options near your school and find even more savings.

 

Furniture and decor

Plan to budget a few hundred bucks for furniture and decor. If you’re lucky, your dorm or apartment might include a few pieces of furniture. Even then, you’ll need bedding, curtains, linens, and other staples. Plan to spend funds on furniture and decorations to make the new space feel like home.

The good news is that any college town where students are constantly moving in and leaving each year are great for the resellers market. Check out Craigslist in your area to save on furniture, or resale sites like AptDeco, Furnishare, or Furnishly. Facebook’s new marketplace feature is a good idea, too.

Pro tip: Consider starting a college registry. Target’s College Registry offers a 15% discount on any items that aren’t purchased. Also, don’t forget your student ID card. Some retailers may offer student discounts.

 

Parking fees

If you plan to commute or keep a vehicle on campus, set aside money for parking ahead of time. Schools typically offer a range of parking packages for students. For example, student parking permits at Boston University go for as low as $266.40 per school year for evening commuters, to $1,905.50 for those who live on campus and need to park overnight.

You may be required to pay a lump sum for parking at the beginning of each semester. Check if your school prices parking passes by location. If they do, research on-campus transit. You may be able to pay for cheaper parking farther from your classes, then hop on campus transit to class. Consider cheaper parking options like city parking lots or curbside options if there are any nearby.

 

Study abroad and other travel

College years are prime time for travel. Whether you’re hitting the beach with friends on spring break or considering an extended study abroad program, you could easily spend thousands of dollars on travel over the course of four years.

Study abroad programs, complete with room, board, instruction, and sometimes internships, can get pricey. For example, Northwestern University estimates a year studying abroad in Brazil to costs about $21,000 for students, while a summer abroad in the University of Georgia’s UGA en Buenos Aires program costs $4,294, plus about $3,000 in tuition and fees.

Often, students finance study abroad trips with financial aid. Just think it through before you take on more debt, especially if you’ve taken on a lot of student debt already. Many school study abroad offices offer scholarships for students. Another good source is Cappex.com, which tracks college scholarships.

 

Food

The average college and university charges about $4,500, or $18.75 per day, for a three-meal-a-day dining contract for a typical 8- or 9-month academic year, according to the Hechinger Report, an independent, nonprofit education news site.

If you want to use the meal plan but the standard campus meal plan is too expensive or wasteful for your budget, you could find savings in a lower-cost plan. Many post-secondary institutions offer lower-cost meal plan packages. Schools may also require first-year students or those living on campus to sign up for a meal plan, but allow upperclassmen and commuters to decide to what extent — if at all — they want to participate.

For example, at New York University, a student can pay $2,800 per semester for an all-access meal plan (28 meals per week) or as little as $1,210 per semester for a so-called “flex” plan (5 meals per week).

 

Books, fees, and supplies

Textbooks and class fees don’t come cheap. The average full-time student at a four-year public institution will spend $1,298 per year on books and supplies, according to the College Board.

Sometimes, fees come as a surprise. In an ongoing study, Wisconsin HOPE Lab researchers tracked the cost experiences of students at four public universities in Wisconsin. At one school, students on the waiting list for a required English course that was full were told to sign up for the online version. Without a heads up, the students were charged an unexpected $250 online course fee.

A student might also need to purchase special equipment or software essential to a course or course of study. Science and technology courses may tack on lab fees, while art students may shell out cash for studio time or class materials.

If you can get hold of a course syllabus early, you should. Don’t only look for what’s required to pass. Check carefully for any fees or payments needed to take the course before you show up. If you can’t get a copy of the syllabus and are unsure, you can usually reach the professor to ask via email.

 

Your family’s changing financial picture

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You could be surprised by a rise in your cost of attendance if you or your family’s financial picture changes.

The effects of this scenario are demonstrated in the Wisconsin Scholars Longitudinal Study, a six-year-long investigation of how Pell Grant recipients attending public institutions in Wisconsin experienced the price of higher education conducted by the HOPE Lab.

Researchers found the financial burden on students grows over time as tuition rises and families experience financial changes. Twenty percent of students in the study experienced a median $1,215 hike in the Expected Family Contribution — how much of the cost of attendance their household was expected to pay after their first year. When your EFC grows, it means you’re likely to be awarded less financial aid.

Many students, they found, also lost eligibility for the Pell Grant and other aid dependent on Pell eligibility.

 

Dried-up scholarships and grants

Additionally, students usually receive the most financial aid for their first year of college, but scholarships and grants may not stick around for all four years. They could be allotted for the first year only, or a student may lose academic or financial eligibility. Many universities use “front loading” to attract freshman to the school. They recruit incoming freshman with grants and scholarships and may not continue to fund grants for continuing students. On average this increases the net price from the first to second year of college by about $1,400.

Contact your school’s financial aid office early on if you expect a change in income to affect your EFC, as you may be able to explain your situation in an appeal. If you receive a scholarship or grant, carefully scrutinize the terms to make sure you know how long the money will last and what you’ll need to do to keep the award.

 

A new laptop

For many courses, having a laptop or access to a personal computer is crucial to success. Be prepared to pay $700 to $1,500 for that success, depending on the specs you need to excel in your major.

Some of the pricing is dependent on the laptop’s operating system. Students can get a Google computer for a couple of hundred dollars or a PC for less than $700, while an Apple Macbook Air starts at about $1,000. Always ask about a student discount. Some retailers like Apple offer discounted education pricing models for students and educators. Others, like Best Buy, periodically send out a newsletter with college student deals. You could save hundreds just by leveraging your student status.

Try using the school’s computers to complete work outside of class if they come with the software you need already loaded. You may also be able to rent laptops, tablets, cameras, and other technology from your school or local retailers. If you need to purchase software, and it can be downloaded on multiple computers, you could share a login with a classmate to share and split the cost.

 

Club and organization fees

Socializing comes at a price in college. Campus organizations often charge membership dues ($10-$25 at the low end), but it can get much more expensive for students looking to enter a sorority or fraternity. UCLA estimates the average annual cost of room, board, and dues to be about $7,650 for sororities and $8,328 for fraternities. That’s before adding in all of the other membership costs like clothing and fees to attend social functions.

While in an organization, there will likely be multiple occasions when you would need to buy merchandise, gifts, or clothing for events. If you’re into sports, for example, you may want to participate in an intramural sports league. You might need to pay a league fee, then purchase equipment and a team uniform.

Overall, keep your budget top of mind when faced with these opportunities. You might think twice about handing over thousands to your new “brothers” if it means skipping meals later on in the semester.

 

Internships

Internships — especially unpaid ones — can get expensive. Internships present a great opportunity for students to connect with others in their selected field and learn on-the-job skills, but they don’t pay much. For a student financing their education alone, an unpaid or low-paying internship could mean a missed opportunity. You could get offered the internship of your dreams with a large company, then have to turn it down if the pay is too little to cover your living costs.

Let’s say you accept an unpaid part-time summer internship offer (in exchange for course credit) from a firm in an expensive city like Los Angeles. It may be nearly impossible to make ends meet without financial assistance from your family or loans. Yes, you could probably cover some costs with another part-time position, or save money by staying in co-living community like Purehouse, but you’ll be scraping by to eat decent food or do anything outside of work.

The most competitive and best-paying internships are quickly filled. Apply to paid internships early on if an unpaid internship is out of the question. Periodically check for paid spring and summer internships with fall semester deadlines. Look for internships close to campus or your family to offset costs. If the internship is in another city, check to see if you have family or friends you can stay with for the time.

 

“Fun”

Social events present great opportunities to connect outside of class with others in your major or cohort. However, being a social butterfly is a quick way to deplete any bank account.

For example, student season tickets for the 2016 Ohio State football season ran students $180 to attend all five Big Ten conference games. To attend an additional two conference games, students would need to purchase a $252 package. That’s before you spend money on food, drinks, and an outfit for the pre-game tailgate.

You only have four to six years to make long-lasting relationships in college that could affect the rest of your life, so it’s understandable to feel pressure to attend parties, hang out at bars, go to dinners, and other activities. However, you could go broke or get into debt if you’re not careful.

Look for free or low-cost events to attend, then be selective about which events and activities are worth it for your budget. Keep an eye on your spending and always ask if you can save money on meals, clothes, or events with a student ID discount. You might get teased for seeming “cheap,” but you could avoid putting these expenses on a credit card.

 

Health insurance and medical costs

If you do not get health coverage through your parents, some schools may require you to sign up for a health plan. For example, New York University automatically enrolls students in its school-sponsored health care plan, but students can waive the plan if they can provide evidence they maintain alternate health insurance coverage that meets the university’s minimum health insurance criteria.

The cost of a basic plan for the spring 2017 semester: $1,654. If you’re an out-of-state student and don’t find alternative insurance coverage in time for classes, you could be stuck paying the bill as “NYU requires that all students registered in degree-granting programs maintain health insurance.”

Shop around to be sure you’re getting the best coverage at the best price possible. That may mean going outside of your school’s designated plan. You might want to consider signing up for coverage in the federal government’s Health Insurance Marketplace or your state’s equivalent insurance marketplace.

The post 13 College Costs You Don’t Think About appeared first on MagnifyMoney.

MagnifyMoney 2017 Survey of Recent College Graduates

An estimated 1.8 million college students will make up the U.S. class of 2017. The first few years — even the first few months — after college can feel like a financial land mine as graduates figure out how to manage their finances independently.

To give this graduating class a leg up, MagnifyMoney asked 1,000 recent college graduates to tell us what they wish they had done differently in those crucial years after graduation.

Among the most popular regrets were not being careful about debt/missing debt payments (48%) and not building their credit score up sooner (40%). One in five graduates also said they wished they had been better about saving money.

Missing a credit card or student loan payment even once can result in lasting credit score damage, and a lower credit score can make it difficult to get approved for new credit down the road.

Looking closely at the results of our survey, we can understand why so many college graduates may be struggling to stay on top of their bills — especially those who graduated with student loan debt.

Student Debt: A gateway to credit card debt

The vast majority of our survey respondents (61%) said they left school with student loan debt. On average, graduates with student loan debt said they carried $35,073.

We found some troubling trends among those with student loan debt. Not only are they more likely to say that they did not feel like they were better off their parents at their age, but they are also more likely to carry large loads of credit card debt.

More than half (58%) of graduates without student loan debt say they believe they are better off now than their parents were at their age. Graduates with student loans were less likely to agree with that statement. Half (52%) of college graduates with student loans say they are better off than their parents were at their age.

According to our survey, college graduates who left school with student loan debt were more likely to wind up in credit card debt down the road, as well.

  • 59% of all college graduates reported having credit card debt.
  • But 67% of recent grads with student loan debt report having credit card debt, versus 44% of those without student loans.
  • 20% of recent grads with student loans report credit card debt of $10,000 or more, almost twice the rate of those without student loans (11%).
  • And 24% of recent grads with $50,000 or more in student loans report having $10,000 or more of credit card debt.

2 in 5 will need longer than 10 years to pay off their student loans

A significant percentage of student loan borrowers expect to take longer than the standard 10 year repayment timeframe to pay off their loans.

  • 40% of recent grads with student loans anticipate that they’ll need more than 10 years to repay their student loans. For context, the standard repayment period for federal student loans is 10 years.
  • Among the grads who report more than $50,000 in debt, just 26% say they will pay off loans within 10 years. And 41% believe they will take more than 20 years, or never pay off their student loan debt.
  • Among all student loan borrowers, 7% said they will ‘never’ be able to pay off all the debt.

Optimism for the future

One thing graduates seem to have in common — whether they carried student debt or not — is a shared sense of optimism for their futures.

  • 65% of grads without student loans feel they will be better off than their parents in the future.
  • 64% of those with student loan debt also feel they will be better off than their parents.

Even among recent graduates with the burden of $50,000 or more in debt, 60% believe they will be better off financially than their parents in the future.

Those with Master’s degrees are most confident, with 68% saying they will be better off than their parents, versus 64% of Associate’s and Bachelor’s degree recipients.

Top 3 tips to manage debt after college

Know your options. If you are struggling to pay down your student loan debt, find out if you qualify for flexible repayment options like income-driven repayment plans. Students with high-interest student loan debt can consider refinancing to lock in a lower interest rate.  Here are the top 19 places to refinance student debt in 2017.

Stay on top of your payments. Student loans will be reported on your credit report after you graduate. By making on-time student loan payments, you are already taking one of the most powerful steps toward building a solid credit score. If you fear you will miss a payment, contact your loan servicer right away. Even one missed payment can derail your credit score.

Build your credit score strategically. A 2014 study by MagnifyMoney found that the average college student will face credit card APRs of 21.4%. Carrying a balance with an APR that high can quickly lead down a long road of unmanageable credit debt. A simple way to build credit is to take out a credit card, charge small amounts each month and pay it off in full. To avoid relying on credit card debt, set money aside from your paycheck for emergencies.

Methodology

MagnifyMoney conducted a national online survey of 1,000 U.S. residents with college degrees who reported completing their most recent degree within the last 5 years via Pollfish from April 26 – 30, 2017.

The post MagnifyMoney 2017 Survey of Recent College Graduates appeared first on MagnifyMoney.

Where Students Can Cover College Tuition with a Part-Time Job: Study

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Affordability was a major factor when 19-year-old Bintou Kabba was considering colleges to attend after high school.  She enrolled at CUNY Lehman, a four-year public university in her native Bronx, N.Y. The 10-minute commute from her home, where she lives with her parents and six siblings, was part of the allure. But the low cost of tuition was essential for Kabba, an ambitious student with dreams of becoming a neonatal gynecologist but without the financial means to afford a pricey university. Most CUNY Lehman students pay just $2,374 out of pocket for a year of schooling.

But before she began classes, Kabba needed a job. “I was broke and I needed money so badly,” she told MagnifyMoney. So, she joined the ranks of so-called “working learners” attempting to counter the costs of college with part-time jobs. About 40 percent of undergraduates and 76 percent of graduate students work at least 30 hours a week throughout the school year, according to the Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce.

As college costs have skyrocketed in recent years, the old adage “Work your way through college” has become increasingly out of touch with reality. Students who work rarely earn enough to truly cover the costs of their education.

MagnifyMoney sought to find out which colleges are still affordable enough for working students to afford on part-time wages. In a new study released Nov. 9, we found a student earning the federal minimum wage ($7.25/hr) would have to work full-time — nearly 44 hours per week — to afford the average annual net tuition at a four-year public institution today.

We then wanted to see how far a student working 20 hours per week at their state’s minimum wage could get toward covering their net tuition. Their post-tax annual earnings were compared with the net tuition price at more than 2,500 public and private non-profit institutions.

Key findings:

  • We found it is impossible to cover the tuition gap at most four-year schools, both private and public.
  • Students can afford to cover their net tuition costs with a part-time job at only 50 out of 645 (7.75%) of four-year public institutions. Students can feasibly cover net tuition costs with a part-time job at just 24 out of 1,208 private nonprofit four-year institutions (2%).
  • Two-year public institutions were significantly more affordable — it was feasible for part-time working students to cover net tuition at 287 out of 656  two-year public schools (56.25%). On average, a student earning the federal minimum wage would only need to work roughly 25 hours per week to cover net tuition costs at a two-year public institution.
  • Less than 5% of private two-year and private four-year institutions are affordable enough for a part-time working student, MagnifyMoney found.

The cost of going to college has outpaced the rise in wages by a staggering amount over the last decade. When faced with a gap in college costs and earnings, families typically have just one place to turn – student loan debt.

Kabba wanted to avoid student debt at all costs. That drove her decision to enroll at CUNY Lehman. The school is the fourth most affordable four-year public college on our list. Earning the New York state minimum wage of $9/hour, a part-time working student could pocket more than enough to cover their expenses.

Still, working long hours to cover college expenses is far from the ideal college experience.

Research has shown demanding work schedules can all too easily conflict with student’s academic performance. Georgetown’s Center on Education and the Workforce warns against any job that demands more than 30 hours per week from a full-time student.

On a tip from her high school counselor, Kabba landed a $10/hour gig soliciting telephone donations at a midtown-New York charity. During her freshman year, she worked 20 hours most weeks. With a full course load to juggle as well, it wasn’t long before Kabba started to feel the pressure of conflicting responsibilities.

“It was just too much,” she said. To get to work each day, she took a 45-minute train ride from the Bronx to midtown. Rather than working around her class schedule, she had to work her class schedule around her job, because the charity had strict guidelines on when workers could call donors. By the end of her freshman year, her grades started to reflect her strain.

“I decided I’d rather be unemployed and actually do well in school,” says Kabba. She quit before her sophomore year.

Not long after leaving her inflexible charity job, Kabba found another solution. Through a special program offered at CUNY Lehman, she landed a job on campus that paid $9/hour and only required 10 hours of work per week. Reducing her hours and pay meant smaller paychecks, but a better chance she’ll earn the grades she needs to achieve her goal of going to medical school. “It’s on campus and it’s convenient,” she said.

Behind the data

To make our findings more exact, we used the minimum wage of the state in which each school resides to determine the annual earnings of working students. Next, we analyzed data from the National Center for Education Statistics to determine the net tuition costs of each school. The net price is more accurate than a college’s sticker price because it factors in financial aid, scholarships and grants. The net price is what students and families actually pay out of pocket.

We stuck to a 20-hour part-time work schedule because we thought it was unrealistic to assume students could juggle a full-time course schedule and a full-time job. In fact, Georgetown recommends students work no more than 30 hours per week in order to maintain good grades in college.

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Student Loan Payoff Calculator

Use this calculator to find out how long it will take you to pay off your student loans.

Tips for working college students

It is virtually impossible to “work your way through school” anymore. The old adage just doesn’t apply to today’s college students, who are paying more than ever for college tuition and can’t feasibly cover their expenses with part-time income alone.

However, there are still benefits to working while in college. Here are some tips on how to maximize savings as a working student.

How to save on college costs with a part-time job

  1. Start small. Try going to a lower cost community college and transferring your credits to a larger institution later. As our study shows, it’s possible for students working part-time to cover net tuition at the majority of two-year public institutions (56.25%). By covering tuition and fees with a part-time job at a two-year school, you can reduce your need for financial aid by half and still graduate from a four-year institution.
  2. Work part-time at a campus job or through a work-study program. Jobs tied to campus are more likely to work around your course schedule and be flexible during unusually demanding times of year, such as quarterly exams and finals.
  3. Stay close to home. Not only will you save on tuition by enrolling at an in-state school, but if you are close enough to continue to live with your family while you’re studying, you could save big on housing expenses. If living at home means commuting by car or public transit for classes, factor in those additional costs.
  4. Don’t rely on student loan debt for expenses you can cover with part-time work. Save the student debt for tuition and other fees that are usually required in one lump-sum payment at the beginning of the semester. When it comes to extra expenses, like your trip to Key West for spring break, or moving to an off-campus apartment, lean on income earned from a part-time job. If you move off campus, you might find it is possible to afford rent (with support from roommates) with income from a part-time job.
  5. Choose your job wisely. If possible, find work in your area of study, which can give you an early jump start in the job market before you even graduate. If you have several years of job experience under your belt at graduation, you’ll be light years ahead of your peers graduating with a comparatively thin resume. Another study by Georgetown’s Center on Education and the Workforce found college students who worked or took internships while in college were more upwardly mobile after graduation and more likely to move into managerial positions.
  6. Take advantage of in-state tuition rates even if you are not a permanent state resident. Each state has its own residency requirements for students looking to qualify for in-state tuition rates, which can be significantly lower than out-of-state rates. Some states will allow students to qualify for in-state tuition if at least one of their parents has been a resident for at least one full year before the student enrolls. If the student is independent — meaning they do not receive financial assistance from a parent to attend college — most states require at least one year of residency in the state. There are other documentation requirements, which can be found at FinAid.org.
  7. Don’t sacrifice your studies for a paycheck. At a certain point, the financial benefits of working part-time might not be worth the additional stress and attention a job might demand. The majority of working students ages 16-29 work 20 hours or less per week. However, research has shown both working and non-working college students graduate with similar levels of student loan debt — 34% of working college students graduate with $25,000 or more in student loan debt, compared to 37% college students who don’t work while in school.
  8. Graduate early (or on time). Dragging out your time in college is a quick way to add thousands of dollars to your student debt load. And it happens more often than you might think. Only 40% of students graduate within four years of enrollment across all types of institutions, according to the Department of Education. Less than one-third of college students graduate on time at public institutions. Save additional tuition expenses by completing your degree in four years or less.

 

The post Where Students Can Cover College Tuition with a Part-Time Job: Study appeared first on MagnifyMoney.

Will You Get Real Value from an Online Degree?

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In search of higher education, lucrative careers and better credentials, nearly 6 million Americans are enrolled in some kind of online course, according to data from the Online Learning Consortium. Distance learning programs tout online courses as an efficient and low-cost way to complete a degree. But are they worth the time and financial investment?

Here’s what to consider before you enroll in an online learning program:

What it really costs

For students looking to complete distance learning programs at in-state schools, the cost probably won’t vary much from traditional students attending classes in person. However if you’re comparing for-profit online schools to out of state public universities, for-profit schools tend to have lower tuition costs on average ($15,610 vs. $23,893 per year). Before you enroll in a for-profit university you should note that it is more difficult to obtain scholarships and grants when studying at a for-profit school.

Degree mills (for-profit schools that aren’t accredited such as American Central University or Golden State University) offer the lowest degree prices, but these institutions offer little in the way of education, and they drag down the appeal of all online degrees. Check to see if your school is accredited here.

A lower sticker price for an online degree might not translate to a lower out of pocket to you as a student. Before committing to an online institution, consider cost saving measures such as attending a Community College for two years and applying for scholarships at an in-state, public school. In many cases, this will end up being your lowest cost option.

However, if distance learning is right for you, you will qualify for subsidized loans if you attend any accredited school (this includes some for-profit online schools). If the school you plan to attend is accredited by one of the national or regional accrediting commissions (see this list to learn more), you will be eligible to receive the Pell Grant and Stafford or Perkins loans.

Online Degree Completion

Students in online only programs complete courses and degrees at a slightly lower rates than students in traditional programs. This may be due to a lower level of student support for online students, or the fact that more distance learners have both career and family demands in addition to their education.

Because online degrees have lower completion rates, you should ask yourself whether you have the time and resources that you need to complete your degree; if you don’t, it’s not worth the money. If your primary goal is to learn and continue your education, you may that Massive Open Online Course (MOOCs) through Khan Academy or Coursera fit your needs with negligible out of pocket costs.

What you won’t get from an online program

If you earn an online degree through a traditional university, employers will perceive your degree as on par with traditional degrees from that school. For example, a Master’s Degree in Statistics from Texas A&M is equally valuable if you earned the degree through their distance education program or while attending class on campus. However, not every employer views online for-profit universities favorably. Top tier online schools are working to change sentiments, but you should research the acceptance in your field before pursuing a degree from a for-profit institution.

Distance education programs offer fewer networking opportunities compared to traditional schools. Online students do not have as much access to professors or peers as traditional students which is a drawback during the learning process and the job search process, but recently, high quality online schools offer new technology to help their students network and job search.

You also shouldn’t expect as much hands-on help in your coursework as an online student. Distance learners need to be self-directed, and able to pick up complex concepts on their own. Students may need to teach themselves computer programs, and they will be expected to do labs or other physical projects on their own.

Advantages of online degrees

Online programs from top-tier online universities and not-for-profit universities offer high quality education that may increase your marketability. You can earn your degree with greater flexibility than in a traditional education model, and you may be able to earn your bachelor’s degree even while you hold down a full-time job and raise your family.

Depending on the school you choose and your financial aid package, an online degree may have a lower out of pocket cost compared to a traditional classroom setting. Online universities accept more transfer credits than traditional universities which can help you complete your degree faster and reduce your costs.

Especially for adults hoping to complete a degree, distance learning and online universities offer advantages that traditional schools cannot.

Is an online program for you?

The value of an online degree depends upon how you want to use it. If a degree will allow you to advance in your company or your industry, and you want to earn your degree while working then an online degree offers value above what a similarly priced brick-and-mortar school offers. Distance learners have increasing opportunities to study in a field that aligns with their personal and career goals.  Popular degrees for distance learners include healthcare administration, business administration, information systems and psychology, but hands on fields like nursing and elementary education continue to make inroads for students pursuing their degree online.

On the other hand, if you’re not a self-directed learner, or your industry frowns on online education then the money will be wasted. Degrees from non-accredited universities aren’t going to be worth the money for most people.

If you choose to pursue an online degree, be sure to compare the out of pocket cost to you (including fees), consider whether you have the time and resources to complete the degree, and line up your funding ahead of time. It’s also important to weigh your expected increase in income against the cost of the degree. Online degrees aren’t a slam dunk in value, but you may find that it’s the right choice for you.

The post Will You Get Real Value from an Online Degree? appeared first on MagnifyMoney.

With $655 Malaysia Trip, This Student Proves Gap Years Don’t Have to Cost a Fortune

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Brandon Stubbs isn’t your typical 18-year-old high school graduate. In addition to graduating valedictorian from his Grass Valley, Calif. high school, he’s joined the ranks of a growing number of students embracing the concept of taking a gap year before starting college.

While other college freshmen began their first classes this Fall, Stubbs, who plans on attending Brown University, kicked off his gap year with a trip to Malaysia.

A gap year is usually more than just a nice break from calculus exams and book reports. Many students choose to focus on personal growth and incorporate travel abroad or participation in volunteer projects. That growth can come at a high cost. Some programs, like the $35,000 Global Gap Year offered by Thinking Beyond Borders, can cost more than what some students pay for a four-year college degree.

But, there are plenty of ways to trim costs and still have a great gap year. We reported on some here, which is how we met Stubbs.

We asked Stubbs to share his budget so far. Take a look at how he’s financing the first leg of his gap year in Malaysia:

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We caught up with Stubbs to see how his budget is holding up in Malaysia and how he intends to spend the rest of his gap year. Here’s what he said.

MagnifyMoney: Where are you now?

Brandon Stubbs: I’m taking two months of my gap year in Malaysia, one of the most diverse countries in the world. Right now I’m in Johor Bahru, the southernmost city of Malaysia, just across the bridge from Singapore.

MM: What drove your decision to take a gap year?

BS: After my high school graduation, I was definitely, to an extent, burnt out and, while I was excited to attend Brown University, I wasn’t as ready or enthusiastic to start college this fall as I will be next fall.  This gap year has provided me the opportunity to gain experience in the real world while simultaneously recharging my mental battery.  I’m learning a lot in an entirely different way than in the classroom.  And my enthusiasm and excitement for next fall has only increased as I’ve grown as an individual throughout this gap year.

MM: Why Malaysia?

BS: As a student going into archaeology, it’s really important for me to be getting this exposure to this blend of Eastern cultures as well as to the geography and climate. Tropical rainforests thrive here, so I’ve been able to go on some real Indiana Jones-esque expeditions into the jungle. I’ve also visited some incredible Buddhist and Hindu temples throughout the country that have proven to be very enlightening experiences.

MM: How did you you save up for this trip?

BS: I had $2800 saved up for this trip, which I earned working as a tutor throughout high school and as a music camp counselor during the summer. I paid for my flight through StudentUniverse [ a site that offers affordable fares to students]. I booked a flight on AirChina for $535.

MM: How do you stay on budget?

BS: My room and board is covered in exchange for my volunteer service [at the hostel where I am staying] so I only have to spend money on food and transportation.  Often, I’ll only spend money on brunch and dinner during a day, but I’ll spend a little more for excursions into Malaysia or Singapore.

MM: What are you doing for money out there?

BS: I’ve done some street performing in the past on my trumpet at the local “Cornish Christmas” celebrations and other outdoor festivities. On top of that, I am focusing on the style of New Orleans Dixieland jazz, which lends itself quite well to solo street performance. I intended to bring my trumpet, anyway, if just to practice, so the idea of playing it in public was natural.  So far I’m earning about 160 [Malaysian Ringgit] a week, which translates to $40 USD, for playing five nights a week. But the money is enough to cover most of my daily expenses in Malaysia.

MM: What’s your typical day like?

BS: I have two days a week off from my work at the hostel.  On those days, I’ll either go into Singapore and visit some of the attractions and districts of that amazing city or explore the nature and culture of Malaysia, hiking or visiting new towns.  On my work days, I’ll spend a few hours cleaning and checking guests in and out and on my downtime work on my second book or street perform on my trumpet.

MM: Did your parents help you with any expenses?

BS: My parents did help pay for some of the preparatory expenses, like my typhoid shot or general supplies – flashlight, mosquito repellent, etc.  Aside from that, I am covering all of my own expenses.

MM: When do you get back?

BS: I’ll return to the States toward the end of November.

MM: Will you have any funds left when you return?

BS: I expect to return with $1800 or $1900 remaining. I shouldn’t spend more than $1000 on the entire two-month trip, all expenses included.

MM: What will you do for the remainder of the gap year?

BS: Once I return to the U.S. I intend to spend several months publishing and advertising my first book, The King of Kamaahr.  My plans for the spring are still not set in stone, but right now I think I’ll go to Sydney, where I have some family and Australian citizenship, and spend a few months living there.  I’ll try to find work there as a musician and/or an actor as well as advertise my book outside the U.S.

Do you want to share your gap year story? E-mail us at info@magnifymoney.com. 

The post With $655 Malaysia Trip, This Student Proves Gap Years Don’t Have to Cost a Fortune appeared first on MagnifyMoney.