How to Prepare Your Money for a Trump Presidency

Here's how to prepare your funds for a Trump presidency.

After a volatile election, President-elect Donald Trump will be inaugurated as the 45th president of the United States on Jan. 20. Consumers are divided over what this means for their finances — some are eager to bet big on American stocks, while others are considering hiding their cash under a mattress. To help you prepare for the changes ahead, we spoke with a handful of financial experts who shared their thoughts on investing with caution.

‘Dysfunctional Politics Aren’t New’ 

“We tend to invest based on emotion, and some people are really high on Trump, and some people are scared to death of Trump,” said Allan Roth, founder of Wealth Logic, a financial planning firm in Colorado Springs, Colorado. “When Obama was elected, a lot of people were like, ‘We’re going to print money, U.S. stocks are horrible, put everything in gold, avoid the dollar, avoid the stock market’ — and the absolute opposite happened. I’m a believer in capitalism, and capitalism trumps dysfunctional politics. And dysfunctional politics aren’t new.”

Roth won’t be the only financial expert keeping a grounded outlook. Jude Boudreaux, a financial planner based in New Orleans, said the main question around investing should be your goals and time horizon, not what we expect to happen in the next four years. “The biggest message I have is not to overreact,” he said. “The next 12 months, from a market standpoint, are not going to be the difference between you being able to retire successfully or not.”

“My advice to consumers is boring,” said Michael Falk, CFA and partner with Focus Consulting in Long Grove, Illinois. “Spend less than you earn, keep your focus on your goals, which are likely more than four years away, and never stop learning.” (You can see how your financial decisions are affecting your credit by viewing your free credit report snapshot, with updates every two weeks, on Credit.com.)

Hedge Against Inflation 

Many investors are rightly concerned about inflation, said Robert Dowling, a financial planner with Modera Wealth Management in Westwood, New Jersey. Employment is up, and Fed Chair Janet Yellen recently said it “makes sense” for the U.S. central bank to gradually raise interest rates. For these reasons, he said investors may want to give themselves exposure to Treasury Inflation-Protection Securities, or TIPS, which provide a hedge against inflation, as well as commodities. “I would never suggest selling everything and buying these two different asset classes,” he said, but if investors have exposure to these, it could benefit their portfolio when inflation takes hold.

Think Globally

Another option for concerned investors is adding more global exposure, Dowling said. Again, you’ll want to broadly diversify, not concentrating too much on one country or type of investment, and avoid currency risks by choosing a quality mutual fund with help from an expert. “There is a portion of exposure we always like to have to emerging markets — small economies and small countries offer lots of growth (and volatility),” Boudreaux said. Investing no more than 5% “has always helped us.”

When betting on emerging and developed markets — which are all available in inexpensive index funds — “don’t pick stocks just to pick them,” advised William Bernstein, author of The Investor’s Manifesto. “The transaction costs will eat you alive.” Keep your risk tolerance in mind and try not to overestimate it. “If you think you can [tolerate more risk], maybe you want to tamp it down,” he said. “Once every 10 years you get a real financial crisis. You want to have an allocation you can live with when that does happen — and that’s not an if, that’s a when.”

Set Aside Cash

“Because I think the potential impacts are so opaque,” Falk said, referring to the Trump presidency, “I lean toward avoiding leverage and major directional bets, and maintaining some dry powder (cash) or quick access to capital.”

Dowling agreed, suggesting consumers shore up at least two years’ worth of living expenses, which can be stashed in a CD or money market account. For retirees, having the cash to draw from while they work to replenish their lagging portfolio — a popular strategy known as cash-flow management — can be invaluable. For young professionals, it can help to have those savings on hand in case of emergency. “Pay yourself first, fund your Roth IRA and build good spending habits,” Boudreaux advised. “The spending habits you develop in your 20s and 30s will have a much greater impact on your financial future than what the market does in the next two to four years.”

Image: BasSlabbers

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5 Things You Must Know About Lifetime IRA Distributions

ira-distributions-rules

Individual Retirement Accounts, or IRAs, are wonderful retirement accumulation vehicles. Contributions are generally tax-deductible (with limitations), and the assets in the accounts grow without the burden of taxation until withdrawn. Distributions are generally taxed the same as earned income. Roth IRAs are similar to Traditional IRAs in that the account also grows free of income taxation. However, contributions are not tax-deductible and qualified distributions are generally income-tax free. For the purpose of this discussion, I will primarily focus on lifetime traditional IRA distributions.

1. There Is a 10% Penalty Tax

Since Congress designed IRAs for retirement needs, and not for pre-retirement vacations or mid-life crisis Porsches, there is a 10% penalty tax imposed on the taxable portion of withdrawals taken prior to age 59½ (with a few limited exceptions). While the pre-59½ rule limits early distributions, there is also a rule that forces distributions to be taken later in life. This rule prevents the accountholder from overusing the tax deferral provided by the plan. Generally, April 1st of the year after the accountholder turns age 70½ is the Required Beginning Date (RBD) for withdrawals. This is when the first Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) from the plan is due. An individual reaches age 70½ six months following their 70th birthday. If you turn age 70 between January 1 and June 30, you will turn 70½ during that calendar year. If your birthday is between July 1 and December 31, you will turn 70½ in the following calendar year.

2. The RMD Must Be Taken Annually

The RMD must be taken annually by December 31 each year thereafter using the year-end value of the IRA of the previous year. It is important to note that the first RMD can be taken in the actual year that the participant turns 70½. The following year’s April 1st deadline is actually sort of a first-year grace period. If the first RMD is delayed until April 1st (as opposed to taken by December 31 of the 70½ year), another RMD is due by December 31 of that same year. So it may actually make sense to take the first RMD by December 31 of the year in which the participant actually turns 70½ instead of waiting to avoid two withdrawals in the same calendar year and possibly increase taxation by potentially pushing the participant into a higher tax bracket.

3. There Is a 50% Penalty If the Accountholder Doesn’t Take the RMD

If the accountholder does not take the required minimum amount, a 50% penalty is imposed on the portion of the required amount that was not taken. That is not a typographical error. The penalty is really 50%. This penalty is in addition to the normal income tax payable on the distribution. The purpose of this Required Minimum Distribution, at least theoretically, is to liquidate the entire balance of the retirement account by the end of the participant’s lifetime. In order to do this, the IRS has developed three Life Expectancy Tables (see below). Table I applies to RMDs after the death of the participant, while Tables II and III applies to required distributions during the participant’s lifetime.

4. There’s a Specific Way to Determine the Lifetime RMD

The lifetime RMD is determined by dividing the account balance as of December 31 of the previous year by the factor on Table III of the IRS Publication 590 Life Expectancy Tables, corresponding to the age of the account owner. If, however, the sole beneficiary of the account for the entire year is a spouse who is more than 10 years younger than the participant, Table II must be used. For subsequent years, the new attained age for that year is used to determine a new RMD divisor in the same Table that was used in the first year. In other words, increase the age by one year and look up the corresponding new life expectancy factor each year.

5. Lifetime RMDs Do Not Apply to Roth IRAs

It is important to note that the lifetime RMDs generally apply to Traditional, SEP, and SIMPLE IRAs, but do not apply Roth IRAs. (The RMD rules vary somewhat for employer-sponsored retirement plans like 401Ks, 403Bs, pension plans, and government plans, which are not covered in this discussion.) If the participant owns multiple IRAs, the values must be combined to determine the correct RMD, but withdrawals can come from any or all of the accounts.

[Editor’s Note: Saving for retirement is an important part of any financial plan, and so is improving your credit. You can monitor your financial goals, like building a good credit score, each month on Credit.com.]

Image: Halfpoint

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